Välkommen! Denna blogg är administerad av en hedning som heter William (eller Vilhjálmr). Jag fokuserar på ämnen om fornnordiska mytologi och tro, båda modern och historisk. Det finns också mycket information om runor. Om vill du läsa mer om mig eller läsa mina viktiga artiklar, var snäll och följa de länkar nedanför. Skål!

Again, in English:

Welcome! This blog is run by a practicing reconstructionist Heathen named William. I focus on education about topics in Norse mythology and religion, both historical and modern, and there is a lot on the subject of runes. For more information on me, or to read my major runic study posts, please follow the links below.

Note: I focus on academic scholarship in my study of Norse religion, gods, etc. My posts will not usually take UPG into account, so please keep that in mind when reading.

Also, I can be considered tribalist in my views in that I believe that understanding and embracing the appropriate Germanic culture(s) to one's practice is vital to a fulfilling experience and understanding of Heathenism, Ásatrú, Forn Sed, etc. That said, I have no time for misguided folkish bullshit. To those who are new and have picked up that label, please do some research to find out exactly why you are better off without it. To the others, I do not welcome you and I will never embrace your views.

 

African American Asatru Association on Facebook

answersfromvanaheim:

den-frusna-eken:

I just found this page while scanning a person’s profile on Facebook for membership in a group. They’re new, like maybe a week old, but if anyone is interested give them a look.

So I checked this out, and it looks suspiciously like a fake page that a group like DYEHB would set up.

I mean, look at their about paragraph:

"Making up shit as we go! Who needs books? We feel the Gods inside us and worship them according to those feelings!
Impressum
Here at the AAAA, we decided that if you can’t beat them, join them! You can be what you want and do what you want! Want to light yourself on fire and dance to honor Surtr? Sure! Want to stick sage up your ass to honor Freya? Why not? Be you. Do you. Do Nine! Hailsa!”
This isn’t actually support for African American Heathens, it looks more like DYEHB being racist. Don’t fall for it.

Ah ok, I didn’t actually see the description and just saw a few posts. Never mind then.

Looking at it again, I was apparently not paying much attention at all, haha.

jaymiemae:

den-frusna-eken:

hedendom:

This video is terrible, full of misleading/incorrect information and seems to show everything that is wrong with parts of Asatru today in the USA (and elsewhere).

Asatru was not practiced by the tribes of Northern Europe. Asatru is a reconstructed religion and even the term Asatru was coined very recently. What they did practice was hedendom - Heathenry, “the Heathen Custom”, not “Asatru”. I would expect more from someone who clearly professes to be some kind of leader to the Heathen community.

If this American wishes to peel back the layers and discard labels that have overwritten previous ones to try to claim European ancestry, then why does he stop at Northern European labels such as Viking? Why does he not continue to peel away those layers and identify with the ancestors of those people who came from what is now the Middle East? Or back further still to the source of human life?

We have not been “Europeans for about 40,000 years”. This guy should pick up a book. The beginning phases of even just Indo-European migration began around 4000BCE (making even the claim to “Indo-European” less than 6000 years.

His assertion that people of European descent need to “harken back” to this older identity is a fallacy, as anyone can, and did, practice Heathenry. It is cultural, not transmitted by bloodline. If it was transmitted by bloodline then he himself would not be eligible to practice, since the last 1000 or so years of his ancestors were likely Christian (if indeed they were all from Europe and he had some concrete way to know that).

He should not attempt to speak for “Europeans”, as we are quite capable of speaking for ourselves. We do not need his encouragement to follow Forn Sed, as there are many organisations (tolerant, welcoming and non-discriminatory ones) already well established and with a far longer and richer history than his own organisation.

Thankfully there are some very intellectual, knowledgeable, open and honest Norse Heathens I have met from the USA so I just hope they can establish something better than this ill-informed drivel.

And there ya go, straight from the mouth of a Scandinavian person who practices Scandinavian Heathenry.

This crap is what kept me out of the heathen community for so long. The first time I watched one of his videos I felt sick and then rage. I couldn’t finish it. I didn’t look for another community after that. The Troth fell in my lap after subscribing to Idunna and getting put on the email list. They aren’t perfect either but they led me to a safe community of heathens in my area which was nice.

The Troth definitely has its problems as I saw from when I was a member, but there are also definitely worse orgs. The AFA, Odinic Rite and other such orgs have all the same problems that the Troth has, plus the added racism, homophobia and other negative qualities.

(Source: englischeathen)

hedendom:

This video is terrible, full of misleading/incorrect information and seems to show everything that is wrong with parts of Asatru today in the USA (and elsewhere).

Asatru was not practiced by the tribes of Northern Europe. Asatru is a reconstructed religion and even the term Asatru was coined very recently. What they did practice was hedendom - Heathenry, “the Heathen Custom”, not “Asatru”. I would expect more from someone who clearly professes to be some kind of leader to the Heathen community.

If this American wishes to peel back the layers and discard labels that have overwritten previous ones to try to claim European ancestry, then why does he stop at Northern European labels such as Viking? Why does he not continue to peel away those layers and identify with the ancestors of those people who came from what is now the Middle East? Or back further still to the source of human life?

We have not been “Europeans for about 40,000 years”. This guy should pick up a book. The beginning phases of even just Indo-European migration began around 4000BCE (making even the claim to “Indo-European” less than 6000 years.

His assertion that people of European descent need to “harken back” to this older identity is a fallacy, as anyone can, and did, practice Heathenry. It is cultural, not transmitted by bloodline. If it was transmitted by bloodline then he himself would not be eligible to practice, since the last 1000 or so years of his ancestors were likely Christian (if indeed they were all from Europe and he had some concrete way to know that).

He should not attempt to speak for “Europeans”, as we are quite capable of speaking for ourselves. We do not need his encouragement to follow Forn Sed, as there are many organisations (tolerant, welcoming and non-discriminatory ones) already well established and with a far longer and richer history than his own organisation.

Thankfully there are some very intellectual, knowledgeable, open and honest Norse Heathens I have met from the USA so I just hope they can establish something better than this ill-informed drivel.

And there ya go, straight from the mouth of a Scandinavian person who practices Scandinavian Heathenry.

(Source: englischeathen)

eiridescent asked
I'm wondering how one would write "Eir" in Younger Futhark. It's a bit challenging for a beginner since there's not a rune for each letter! Am I right in thinking that "ᛁ" would be for both "e" and "i"? So it would be "ᛁᚱ" rather than repeating the "ᛁ"? Or is that "e" a different rune?

thorraborinn:

den-frusna-eken:

You are correct! Since /e/ and /i/ sounds are both represented by íss in the standard Younger Futhark (as opposed to the later form where /e/ had its own rune called stunginn íss), and rune carvers tended to drop repeating runes and just carve singles, you would ideally be writing it as ᛁᚱ.

This is made easier for this particular word as well by the fact that it’s an actual Old Norse name. What I mean by that is that in modern English and German at least, “ei” tends to give a long /i/ sound as in “height.” However, in Old Norse that combination would actually make an /ay/ sound. So, for modern words with “ei” in them you usually want to actually spell it as “ai” when writing with runes to give it the correct sound. Just an extra little note there. ;)

A good way to check how to spell stuff is to check runic inscriptions themselves, although in this case it’s a little bit extra complicated because the sound which is written ei in West Norse became a monophthong ē in East Norse, which is the language of most of the runic inscriptions. The r in Eir also comes from a Proto-Germanic *z (the ýr rune; the development is usually reconstructed *Aiz*EiʀEir) which means it’s what we usually write ⟨ʀ⟩ or ⟨R⟩, rather than just a regular /r/ (the reið rune). This sound lasted a lot longer in East Norse than in West Norse. So if Eir was worshiped in Denmark, they probably called her Ēʀ.

Using the Rundata program I ran a search for words with normalized ei from Norway in period “V” (Viking age) excluding the words steinn and reist (because first a ran a search without excluding them, and they made up most of the results… very common words). There are a lot of results, but here are the first ten (and I skipped over the ones with an e rune):

  1. N 58: Eilífr ailifr
  2. N 97: Áleif… (a)l(a)ib
  3. N 163: Arngeirs arnk=airs
  4. N 184: einn in
  5. N 213: Rannveig ranuauk (well that was unexpected, but it happens)
  6. N 236: eign aign (well this one must be late-ish if it has a g rune)
  7. N 252: Óleif ol(a)if
  8. N 417: reisa raisa
  9. N 431: þeir þair
  10. N 541: Rannveig ranuaik (our friend Rannveig learned how to spell! Okay, it’s probably a different one)

Now, to be fair, if I’d included stein and reist this would be one-sided in the other direction.

The thing about /ei/ is that it comes from an earlier */ai/. Something happened in Proto-Norse called i-umlaut, which is where an /a/ in a syllable turns into /æ/ (written ę in early Icelandic manuscripts), and pronounced like the sound in cat, if there’s an /i/ or a /j/ in the next syllable. If it was a short vowel, it merged with regular /e/ in West Norse eventually, but it stuck around long enough for speakers to get that there’s a relationship between /a/ and /æ/. The ei may have still registered as /æi/ to speakers of the language at the time; since there was no such thing as ai in the language, no harm could be done by writing it out ai. They were more inclined to take the shortcut when writing words like stein (‘stone’ (accusative)) and reist (carved) because it’s pretty obvious what they mean if they’re on a runestone.

Meanwhile in East Norse, there was neither /ei/ nor /æi/, there was just ē /e:/.

If I were writing it myself, I’d probably go with ᛅᛁᛦ. Now, none of the above inscriptions still marked /ʀ/ ᛦ, because West Norse lost it pretty early, but it was definitely part of the language at one time — the search just didn’t happen to turn any of those inscriptions up. Really any of these would be perfectly reasonable:

  • ᛅᛁᛦ (most likely in extremely early West Norse inscriptions)
  • ᛅᛁᚱ (most likely to actually be found in a West Norse inscription, due to abundance of inscriptions post-loss of /ʀ/)
  • ᛁᛦ (most likely to actually be found in an East Norse inscription).
  • ᛁᚱ

Or if we trust our friend Rannveig:

  • ᛅᚢᚱ ….but we don’t trust Ranngveig…

And there are your other options with a better explanation. I will go back to my tablet weaving now. XD

eiridescent asked
I'm wondering how one would write "Eir" in Younger Futhark. It's a bit challenging for a beginner since there's not a rune for each letter! Am I right in thinking that "ᛁ" would be for both "e" and "i"? So it would be "ᛁᚱ" rather than repeating the "ᛁ"? Or is that "e" a different rune?

You are correct! Since /e/ and /i/ sounds are both represented by íss in the standard Younger Futhark (as opposed to the later form where /e/ had its own rune called stunginn íss), and rune carvers tended to drop repeating runes and just carve singles, you would ideally be writing it as ᛁᚱ.

This is made easier for this particular word as well by the fact that it’s an actual Old Norse name. What I mean by that is that in modern English and German at least, “ei” tends to give a long /i/ sound as in “height.” However, in Old Norse that combination would actually make an /ay/ sound. So, for modern words with “ei” in them you usually want to actually spell it as “ai” when writing with runes to give it the correct sound. Just an extra little note there. ;)

Just finished this beautiful piece today! Hand-forged traditional broken-back style seax which I made with a friend of mine for a customer.

From the Etsy ad:

"The sax (Old English ‘seax’) was a common item carried by the Germanic peoples before, during and for a time after the Viking Age. Its name literally means "knife" in the old Germanic languages, and the varying sizes and styles had different primary purposes. From the scramasax (food knife) to the longsax (long knife), these items were used for both utility and fighting purposes.

This style, called the “broken-back sax” after its angled spine near the tip, has mostly been recovered from digs in England, suggesting that it was more popular among the Anglo-Saxons than the Norse, though through trading and warfare they could have also made their way up north.

The knife features a 7.5” long by 1.75” wide blade and will be around 13” total length. The blade is made from high-carbon steel and features a through tang which is peened over on the end after the pommel cap. It is heat-treated in order to give it a stronger, more rigid edge while the spine allows it to absorb shock in order to prevent shattering, and then it is polished to a mirror finish. The fittings feature a punched dot pattern as was popular at the time and the handle will be a hardwood, with the specific wood used depending on what the buyer wants and what is available. Ships with a sharp edge unless specified otherwise.

This sax also comes with a leather sheath of the traditional style featuring two hog rings with loops to suspend it from a belt as it is traditionally worn, and handmade copper rivets. Sheath shown in mahogany.”

https://www.etsy.com/listing/160358398/hand-forged-broken-back-style-sax?

Hey Marvel. Don’t forget about Norse mythology’s ACTUAL WOMEN/FEMALE FIGURES

keeperofthereaper:

Eir
Ēostre
Elli
Freyja
Frigg
Fulla
Gefjun
Hel
Hlín
Iðunn
Jörð
Lofn
Nanna
Nerþus
Nótt
Sága
Ran
SIF, THOR’S FUCKING WIFE
Sjöfn
Skaði
Snotra
Sol
Thruer THOR’S FUCKING DAUGHTER
Ullr
Vár
Vör
Yggdrasil

All major females in Norse mythology. Why not make comics about one of these?! Make them badass?! Hel would be AMAZING!

Um, a couple things here. Ullr is male, while Yggdrasil is the world tree and has no gender. Also, Eostre and Nerthus are not actually recorded in Norse mythology. Nerthus has been theorized by some at least as being etymologically connected to Njördr as an earlier form, but Eostre is only attested in Northumbria.

I understand your point, but there is some misinformation that I felt I should point out.

hedendom:

Trolls

The troll is a very important part of modern Scandinavian folklore which harks back (or maybe even claims direct lineage) from the Jötnar of the high mythology. The terms Troll, Jötunn and Þurs are all mentioned throughout Old Norse Mythology to describe a variety of beings and there is confusion and overlapping in the use of those terms. It has been suggested that they are separate types of related creatures:
Jötunn are the lords of nature
Trolls are nature beings
Þurs are hostile monsters

Said to inhabit remote areas, like mountains, under rural bridges and caves deep in the forest. There are many different ‘races’ of troll depending on where they live and they display great diversity in their size and appearance. They are said to be very old, very powerful yet plodding and unintelligent enabling them to be defeated.

Scandinavians believe Trolls are frightened away by lightning (a holdover from the mythology of Thor killing Jötunn), church bells and iron (particularly an iron trollkurs or ‘troll cross’). It is said they also turn to stone if they are hit by direct sunlight. But if you cannot beat them you would best beware as they are known to kidnap and eat humans as well as destroy a persons property and home.

Today it is said that the lack of Trolls is down to the result of lightning strikes and there are many stone landmarks in Nordic lands that are said to be the result of Trolls that were caught in sunlight!

Forn Sed Cascadia

For Heathens living in British Columbia, Washington State, Oregon and Northern California who are interested in Forn Sed; I have created this group on Facebook to function as both a blotlag (kindred) and an online group for networking between Cascadian Heathens. The focus of the group is Swedish Forn Sed, and as far as activity goes it is centered in Washington State currently.

From the group description: “While understanding Swedish helps during blóts, it is not crucial, and blóts are mostly done in English due to the low prevalence of Swedish speakers in the region.


Forn Sed means “Ancient Custom” in Swedish, and is a spiritual path which honors the pre-Christian gods of the Norse peoples, as well as one’s ancestors and the spirits of the land and the home. The general term for the gods and spirits is ‘makter’ (powers), and includes the gudar (gods), jättar (giants), diser, alver, vätter and many others. We celebrate them throughout the year with blóts and offerings, and we find them in all places around us! 

William Goetz is the primary gode (acting priest, officiator) for this blotlag, and we celebrate nine main festivals over the course of the year: Julblot, Disablot, Vårblot/Segerblot, Majblot, Midsommarblot, Skördeblot, Höstblot. Vinternätter/Alvablot and Årsväntan.

Forn Sed Cascadia, as with Samfundet Forn Sed Sverige, does not discriminate in membership on the basis of race/heritage, gender, disability, etc. The group also explicitly rejects any form of Nazism, fascism, racial separatism, sexism, religious intolerance or other form of bigotry. It is assumed that anyone wishing to be a member agrees with and accepts these terms.

The group is open to those not living in Cascadia as well, but just be aware of the regional focus.

hedendom:

A Heathen Wedding

Runahild and Bjørn of the neo folk musical group Eliwagar were married in a traditional Heathen ceremony on 12th July 2014.
The proceedings were conducted by Ivar of Forn Sed Norge.

Full story here.